The latent structure of memory: A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions

Douglas J. Hermann, Carmi Schooler*, Leslie J. Caplan, Paula Darby Lipman, Jordan Grafman, Carrie Schoenbach, Karen Schwab, Marnie L. Johnson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Confirmatory factor analysis was used to investigate the nature of memory distinctions underlying the performance of two samples: a sample of male Vietnam War veterans who had not received head injuries, and a second sample of male Vietnam War veterans who had suffered penetrating head injuries resulting in relatively small lesions (<10 cc volume loss). For these two groups, comparisons were made of the fit of seven theory-based memory models, comprising from one to four factors. The four-component model with a verbal-episodic component, a visual-episodic component, a semantic component, and a short-term memory component provided a significantly better account of memory performance than the others. The implications of these findings and some advantages of this approach as a supplement to a purely experimental approach to memory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-51
Number of pages23
JournalMultivariate Behavioral Research
Volume36
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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    Hermann, D. J., Schooler, C., Caplan, L. J., Lipman, P. D., Grafman, J., Schoenbach, C., Schwab, K., & Johnson, M. L. (2001). The latent structure of memory: A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 36(1), 29-51.