The latent structure of memory: A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions

Douglas J. Hermann, Carmi Schooler*, Leslie J. Caplan, Paula Darby Lipman, Jordan Grafman, Carrie Schoenbach, Karen Schwab, Marnie L. Johnson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Confirmatory factor analysis was used to investigate the nature of memory distinctions underlying the performance of two samples: a sample of male Vietnam War veterans who had not received head injuries, and a second sample of male Vietnam War veterans who had suffered penetrating head injuries resulting in relatively small lesions (<10 cc volume loss). For these two groups, comparisons were made of the fit of seven theory-based memory models, comprising from one to four factors. The four-component model with a verbal-episodic component, a visual-episodic component, a semantic component, and a short-term memory component provided a significantly better account of memory performance than the others. The implications of these findings and some advantages of this approach as a supplement to a purely experimental approach to memory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-51
Number of pages23
JournalMultivariate Behavioral Research
Volume36
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Veterans
Penetrating Head Injuries
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Memory Term
Memory Model
Component Model
Short-Term Memory
Craniocerebral Trauma
Semantics
Statistical Factor Analysis
Warfare
Vietnam War
Head Injury
War Veterans
Vision
Short-term Memory
Supplements
Semantic Component
Lesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hermann, D. J., Schooler, C., Caplan, L. J., Lipman, P. D., Grafman, J., Schoenbach, C., ... Johnson, M. L. (2001). The latent structure of memory: A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 36(1), 29-51.
Hermann, Douglas J. ; Schooler, Carmi ; Caplan, Leslie J. ; Lipman, Paula Darby ; Grafman, Jordan ; Schoenbach, Carrie ; Schwab, Karen ; Johnson, Marnie L. / The latent structure of memory : A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions. In: Multivariate Behavioral Research. 2001 ; Vol. 36, No. 1. pp. 29-51.
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Hermann, DJ, Schooler, C, Caplan, LJ, Lipman, PD, Grafman, J, Schoenbach, C, Schwab, K & Johnson, ML 2001, 'The latent structure of memory: A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions', Multivariate Behavioral Research, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 29-51.

The latent structure of memory : A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions. / Hermann, Douglas J.; Schooler, Carmi; Caplan, Leslie J.; Lipman, Paula Darby; Grafman, Jordan; Schoenbach, Carrie; Schwab, Karen; Johnson, Marnie L.

In: Multivariate Behavioral Research, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.12.2001, p. 29-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Hermann DJ, Schooler C, Caplan LJ, Lipman PD, Grafman J, Schoenbach C et al. The latent structure of memory: A confirmatory factor-analytic study of memory distinctions. Multivariate Behavioral Research. 2001 Dec 1;36(1):29-51.