The Long-Run impact of cash transfers to poor families

Anna Aizer, Shari Eli, Joseph Ferrie, Adriana Lleras Muney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


We estimate the long- run impact of cash transfers to poor families on children's longevity, educational attainment, nutritional status, and income in adulthood. To do so, we collected individual- level administrative records of applicants to the Mothers' Pension program-the first government- sponsored welfare program in the United States (1911-1935)-and matched them to census, WWII, and death records. Male children of accepted applicants lived one year longer than those of rejected mothers. They also obtained onethird more years of schooling, were less likely to be underweight, and had higher income in adulthood than children of rejected mothers. (JEL I12, I14, I18, I32, I38, J16, N32).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)935-971
Number of pages37
JournalAmerican Economic Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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