SN2002es is a peculiar subluminous Type Ia supernova (SNIa) with a combination of observed characteristics never before seen in an SNIa. At maximum light, SN2002es shares spectroscopic properties with the underluminous SN1991bg subclass of SNe Ia, but with substantially lower expansion velocities (6000kms-1) more typical of the peculiar SN2002cx subclass. Photometrically, SN2002es differs from both SN1991bg-like and SN2002cx-like supernovae. Although at maximum light it is subluminous (MB = -17.78 mag), SN2002es has a relatively broad light curve (Δm 15(B) = 1.28 ± 0.04 mag), making it a significant outlier in the light-curve width versus luminosity relationship. We estimate a 56Ni mass of 0.17 ± 0.05 M ⊙ synthesized in the explosion, relatively low for an SNIa. One month after maximum light, we find an unexpected plummet in the bolometric luminosity. The late-time decay of the light curves is inconsistent with our estimated 56Ni mass, indicating that either the light curve was not completely powered by 56Ni decay or the ejecta became optically thin to γ-rays within a month after maximum light. The host galaxy is classified as an S0 galaxy with little to no star formation, indicating that the progenitor of SN2002es is likely from an old stellar population. We also present a less extensive data set for SN1999bh, an object which shares similar photometric and spectroscopic properties. Both objects were found as part of the Lick Observatory Supernova Search, allowing us to estimate that these objects should account for 2.5% of SNe Ia within a fixed volume. Current theoretical models are unable to explain the observed characteristics of SN2002es.
- supernovae: general
- supernovae: individual (SN 2002es, SN 1999bh)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science