Ab initio calculations at the MP2/6-311++G** level on model systems (N-methylpyridinium complexes of dimethyl ether and dimethyl phosphate anion) provide quantitative measures of the large stabilization energies that arise from [C-H···O] contacts in charged systems. These attractive interactions control (i) the self-assembly of bipyridinium-based catenanes and rotaxanes in solution, (ii) the self-organization of left-handed Z-DNA with alternating [dC-dG] sequences in the solid state, and (iii) the binding of pyridinium derivatives with single- and double-stranded DNA. Slightly attractive interactions occur between the donor ether and phosphate moieties and a neutral pyridine molecule in the gas phase. Electrostatic potential and solvation calculations demonstrate that [C-H···O] interactions which involve a cationic [C-H] donor are dominated by electrostatic terms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry