The many facets of PEDF in drug discovery and disease: A diamond in the rough or split personality disorder?

Susan E. Craword, Philip Fitchev, Dorina Veliceasa, Olga V. Volpert*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) was discovered as a neurotrophic factor secreted by retinal pigment epithelial cells. A decade later, it re-emerged as a powerful angiogenesis inhibitor guarding ocular function. Since then, significant advances were made identifying PEDF's mechanisms, targets and biomedical applications. Areas covered: The authors review several methodologies that have generated significant new information about the potential of PEDF as a drug. Furthermore, the authors review and discuss mechanistic and structure-function analyses combined with the functional mapping of active fragments, which have yielded several short bioactive PEDF peptides. Additionally, the authors present functional studies in knockout animals and human correlates that have provided important information about conditions amenable to PEDF-based therapies. Expert opinion: Through its four known receptors, PEDF causes a wide range of cellular events vitally important for the organism, which include survival and differentiation, migration and invasion, lipid metabolism and stem cell maintenance. These processes are deregulated in multiple pathological conditions, including cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular disease. PEDF has been successfully used in countless preclinical models of these conditions and human correlates suggest a wide utility of PEDF-based drugs. The most significant clinical application of PEDF, to date, is its potential therapeutic use for age-related macular degeneration. Moreover, PEDF-based gene therapy has advanced to early stage clinical trials. PEDF active fragments have been mapped and used to design short peptide mimetics conferring distinct functions of PEDF, which may address specific clinical problems and become prototype drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-792
Number of pages24
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Bone disease
  • Cancer
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Metabolic disease
  • Neuronal differentiation
  • Ocular neovascular disease
  • Pigment epithelium-derived factor
  • Stem cell niche

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery

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