The marketization of water: environmental movements’ narratives and common experiences on water transfer projects in Colorado and western Iran

Elham Hoominfar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This comparative study explores how environmental movements in two different political economies, the US state of Colorado and western Iran, have experienced and framed water transfer projects as a mechanism for the marketization of water. It applies Polanyi’s and Harvey’s theories, using interviews with diverse social groups and various secondary data sources. The results show that, according to both social movements, water’s marketization has some similarities in terms of the commodification and commercialization of water. Still, different processes, means and mechanisms are used. The article highlights these similarities and differences by looking at the state’s role in two different contexts: a capitalist democracy (the United States) and a capitalist centralized statist system (Iran). The study finds that while some outcomes might be the same in Colorado and Iran for achieving the marketization of water, the means that the state/market uses to achieve those ends are different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-526
Number of pages27
JournalWater International
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Colorado
  • Iran
  • Marketization of water
  • hydrosocial territories
  • political economy
  • water governance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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