The Mayo Three-Community Hypertension Control Program. II. Outcome of intervention in entire communities

K. Krishan, L. A. Brennan, F. T. Nobrega, R. K. Smoldt, L. K. Smutka, D. R. Labarthe, J. A. McEnaney, J. C. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A pronounced decline in blood pressure levels of hypertensive patients occurred in each of three rural Minnesota communities 1 to 2 years after the inception of community programs to control high blood pressure in these populations. An experimental hypertension clinic was established in one community to integrate a nurse practitioner into a physician-supervised program of long-term patient management. In the community with this innovative, partially subsidized practice arrangement, we observed declines in diastolic pressures of hypertensives. However, comparable degrees of blood pressure reduction occurred in the two other communities, with traditional solo or small group practice arrangements, where intervention was limited to detection and referral alone or was supplemented with continuing education of physicians in the management of hypertension. The evaluation of these three community programs suggests, among other conclusions, that this innovative community model for hypertension control, based on the recommendations of the Inter-Society Commission for Heart Disease Resources, contributed to favorable short-term blood pressure outcomes for the community. The observation of similar overall outcomes as measured by blood pressure reduction in all three communities was unexpected; the clinic's impact appears to have been matched by the effectiveness of screening and referral, alone or with continuing education, in the two other communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-306
Number of pages8
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume54
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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