As part of a broader community program to evaluate approaches to hypertension control, a Community Hypertension Clinic, staffed by two nurse practitioners, was set up in a rural community. Hypertensive persons were identified either by an initial central blood pressure screening or by a subsequent home screening. Slightly more than half of the hypertensive patients at initial screening, or 256 persons, elected to go to the Community Hypertension Clinic for second-stage screening, whereas the remainder elected to see their physicians or to do neither. After secondary screening at the Clinic, 120 patients eventually came under care and were managed by the nurse practitioners. After 2 years of follow-up, 57% of the Clinic patients had office-recorded diastolic blood pressures of less than 90 mm Hg. The Community Hypertension Clinic dropout rate was only 5% after 30 months of operation, for participants whose duration of follow-up ranged from 12 to 27 months (median 16 months), when a repeat home blood pressure screening examination was performed. Comparison of outcomes was thus possible between persons who attended the Community Hypertension Clinic and those who were referred to their physicians' offices. Persons with more severe hypertension most often elected to go to the Clinic, whereas patients with milder degrees of hypertension tended to go to their private physicians for follow-up or failed to make the recommended second-stage screening contact altogether. Greater declines in blood pressure were observed in the Clinic group.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Mayo Clinic Proceedings|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1979|
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