The mechanisms of action of atypical and novel antipsychotic drugs: Actions of typical and atypical antipsychotics on tuberoinfundibular dopamine neurons

G. A. Gudelsky, S. A. Berry, H. Y. Meltzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The activity of tuberoinfundibular dopamine neurons, as judged from the accumulation of dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) after the inhibition of decarboxylase activity, was unaltered following the acute administration of the typical antipsychotics haloperidol, cis-flupentixol, chlorpromazine, or fluphenazine. In contrast, a significant increase in the activity of tuberoinfundibular dopamine neurons was elicited by the purported atypical antipsychotics clozapine, melperone, thioridazine, setoperone, and RMI 81582. The clozapine-induced increase in the activity of tuberoinfundibular dopamine neurons was antagonized by the D1 agonist SKF 38393, but not by the D2 agonist quinpirole. The stimulatory effects of atypical antipsychotics on the activity of these hypothalamic dopamine neurons was mimicked by neurotensin and its analogue [D-Trp11]-neurotensin. Moreover, like typical antipsychotics, neurotensin and its analogue also increased serum concentrations of corticosterone. The production of an acute activation of tuberoinfundibular dopamine neurons, which is sensitive to D1 receptor activation and may be mediated by neurotensin, appears to be an effect that distinguishes typical and atypical antipsychotics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-382
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology bulletin
Volume25
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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