The metal flux: A preparative tool for the exploration of intermetallic compounds

Mercouri G. Kanatzidis*, Rainer Pöttgen, Wolfgang Jeitschko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

406 Scopus citations


This review highlights the use and great potential of liquid metals as exotic and powerful solvents (i.e. fluxes) for the synthesis of intermetallic phases. The results presented demonstrate that considerable advances in the discovery of novel and complex phases are achievable utilizing molten metals as solvents. A wide cross-section of examples of flux-grown intermetallic phases and related solids are discussed and a brief history of the origins of flux chemistry is given. The most commonly used metal fluxes are surveyed and where possible, the underlying principal reasons that make the flux reaction work are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6996-7023
Number of pages28
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number43
StatePublished - Nov 3 2005


  • Exploratory synthesis
  • Intermetallic compounds
  • Metal fluxes
  • Solid-state chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)


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