The morphological evolution of low volume fraction tin dendrites during coarsening

Amber L. Genau*, Peter W. Voorhees

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Tin dendrites tend to grow in closely spaced, parallel sheets; thus, within a certain range of solid volume fraction, it is possible to obtain samples with both dense dendritic regions and dendrite-free regions of liquid. Such samples were produced by directionally solidifying Pb-69.1 wt pct Sn, allowing us to compare tin dendrite structure and coarsening in a traditional dense mushy zone with the same dendrites in much lower volume fraction solid regions. The morphology of the dendrites, both in the dense and less-dense regions is analyzed using three-dimensional reconstructions obtained by serial sectioning. Quantitative measurements of these complex structures were obtained by calculating interfacial curvature and interfacial normal distributions, and the spatial correlations of interfacial curvature. We find that the spatial correlation measurement can be used to determine average secondary or tertiary arm length. We find also that coarsening proceeds in this system by both welding of secondary arms and dissolution and growth via long-range diffusional interactions and that the microstructure becomes more morphologically anisotropic as coarsening proceeds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-418
Number of pages13
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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