The Mother-Adult Daughter Questionnaire (MAD): Developing a Culturally Sensitive Instrument

Mudita Rastogi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This article is an account of the development of the Mother-Adult Daughter Questionnaire (MAD) to measure adult daughters’ perceptions of their relationship with their mothers in a culturally sensitive manner. The MAD was administered to 91 women from three ethnic groups (Asian Indian American, Mexican American, and European American) to establish validity. The instrument contains 18 items and three subscales: Connectedness, Interdependence, and Trust in Hierarchy. Trust in Hierarchy is a newly developed culturally sensitive construct. Items for subscales were constructed using cross-cultural and mother-daughter literature and were refined after an initial pilot study. Subscale reliability (alpha) ranged from.86 to.92. Findings indicate that the MAD has promise as a reliable and valid measure of the mother-daughter relationship across cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-155
Number of pages11
JournalThe Family Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'The Mother-Adult Daughter Questionnaire (MAD): Developing a Culturally Sensitive Instrument'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this