Dentinogenesis Imperfecta type II (DGI-II) is a localized form of mesodermal dysplasia of the dentin affecting both the primary and permanent dentitions. This is an autosomal-dominant disease in which there is a disorder in dentin mineralization. Several studies have localized DGI-II to human chromosome 4 in the region 4q 12-21. Many ECM genes - such as OPN, DMP1, DMP2, DMP3 (DSPP), and BSP - have been mapped to the same locus. Biochemical studies indicated that dentin phosphophoryn (DMP2) might be a candidate gene in DGI-II. In this study, we have used histological and RFLP analyses of tissues from a DGI-II-affected patient, as compared with two normal controls, to determine if DMP1, 2, or 3 was linked to DGI-II. The histology of the affected tooth was very different in the DGI-II patient as compared with the normals. In particular, the dentinal tubules in the DGI-II patient were very irregular, which could be the result of perturbations in the process of dentin formation. Patient and control DNA samples were digested with EcoRI or PstI and Southern-hybridized with the DMP1, DMP2, and DMP3 cDNAs. Few differences in the restriction pattern were observed between affected and normal samples for DMP1 and DMP3-3′ region (phosphophoryn-like sequences) probes. On the other hand, DMP2 showed a dramatic shift in the restriction pattern in DGI-II. This study suggests that the different restriction enzyme digestion profiles of the DNA from the DGI-II patient, as probed by DMP2, might be related to the defective mineralization of dentin in DGI-II.
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