Background Alpha7 and α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists have been shown to improve cognition in various animal models of cognitive impairment and are of interest as treatments for schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and other cognitive disorders. Increased release of dopamine (DA), acetylcholine (ACh), glutamate (Glu), and ã- aminobutyric acid (GABA) in cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and nucleus accumbens (NAC) has been suggested to contribute to their beneficial effects on cognition. Results Using in vivo microdialysis, we found that EVP-6124 [(R)-7-chloro-N-quinuclidin-3-yl)benzo[b]thiophene-2- carboxamide], a high-affinity α7 nAChR partial agonist, at 0.1 mg/kg, s.c., increased DA efflux in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and NAC. EVP-6124, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, also increased efflux of ACh in the mPFC but not in the NAC. Similarly, EVP-6124, 0.1 mg/kg, but not 0.03 and 0.3 mg/kg, significantly increased mPFC Glu efflux. Thus, EVP-6124 produced an inverted U-shaped curve for DA and Glu release, as previously reported for other α7 nAChR agonists. The three doses of EVP-6124 did not produce a significant effect on GABA efflux in either region. Pretreatment with the selective α7 nAChR antagonist, methyllycaconitine (MLA, 1.0 mg/kg), significantly blocked cortical DA and Glu efflux induced by EVP-6124 (0.1 mg/kg), suggesting that the effects of EVP-6124 on these neurotransmitters were due to α7 nAChR agonism. MLA only partially blocked the effects of EVP-6124 on ACh efflux in the mPFC. Conclusion These results suggest increased cortical DA, ACh, and Glu release, which may contribute to the ability of the α7 nAChR agonist, EVP-6124, to treat cognitive impairment and possibly other dimensions of psychopathology.
- α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas