Background-The intermediate filament protein desmin is encoded by the gene DES and contributes to the mechanical stabilization of the striated muscle sarcomere and cell contacts within the cardiac intercalated disk. DES mutations cause severe skeletal and cardiac muscle diseases with heterogeneous phenotypes. Recently, DES mutations were also found in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Currently, the cellular and molecular pathomechanisms of the DES mutations leading to this disease are not exactly known. Methods and Results-We identified the 2 novel variants DES-p.A120D (c.359C>A) and DES-p.H326R (c.977A>G), which were characterized by cell culture experiments and atomic force microscopy. Family analysis indicated a broad spectrum of cardiomyopathies with a striking frequency of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac deaths. The in vitro experiments of desmin-p.A120D reveal a severe intrinsic filament formation defect causing cytoplasmic aggregates in cell lines and of the isolated recombinant protein. Model variants of codon 120 indicated that ionic interactions contribute to this filament formation defect. Ex vivo analysis of ventricular tissue slices revealed a loss of desmin staining within the intercalated disk and severe cytoplasmic aggregate formation, whereas z-band localization was not affected. The functional experiments of desmin-p.H326R did not demonstrate any differences from wild type. Conclusions-Because of the functional in vivo and in vitro characterization, DES-p.A120D has to be regarded as a pathogenic mutation and DES-p.H326R as a rare variant with unknown significance. Presumably, the loss of the desmin-p. A120D filament localization at the intercalated disk explains its clinical arrhythmogenic potential.
- Death sudden
- Intermediate filaments
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine