The p factor in children: Relationships with executive functions and effortful control

Allison N. Shields*, Kathleen W. Reardon, Cassandra M. Brandes, Jennifer L. Tackett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lower levels of self-regulation have been implicated in multiple psychological disorders. Despite conceptual overlap (broadly reflecting self-regulatory functions), executive functions (EF) and effortful control (EC) are rarely jointly studied in relation to broadband psychopathology. The present study investigated associations of correlated factors (internalizing-externalizing) and bifactor psychopathology models with EF and EC in a large (N = 895) childhood community sample (Mage = 11.54, SDage = 2.25). Associations between both self-regulation constructs (EF and EC) with psychopathology were largely accounted for via a general psychopathology factor. However, EC evidenced stronger associations, questioning the utility of task-based EF measures to inform self-regulatory psychopathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103853
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume82
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Developmental psychopathology
  • Effortful control
  • Executive functions
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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