The pediatric cardiology pharmacopoeia: 2004 Update

S. Barnes, B. Shields, W. Bonney, J. Hardin, Raid Abdulla*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Seven years ago, Pediatric Cardiology published the first version of a review article outlining the various medications used in the field of heart diseases in children. This article is an update and expansion to what we have previously presented. Therapeutic intervention, both surgical and through cardiac catheterization, has enabled cure and palliation of an increasingly expanding spectrum of diseases at earlier ages and with more complex lesions. Refinement of these procedures includes more advanced tools as well as the support of an expanding armament of pharmacopoeia used to stabilize and support patients before, during, and after such procedures. In addition to updating previously published data regarding inotropes, antiarrhythmics, vasodilators, diuretics, sedatives, and analgesics as well as a variety of miscellaneous medications, this article describes the use of pulmonary medications frequently needed in patients with congestive heart failure, pulmonary edema, and chronic lung disease. We also describe the difficult management of withdrawal as a result of use of sedatives and analgesics. The most recent recommendation for subacute bacterial endocarditis prophylactic antibiotic regimens is also described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-646
Number of pages24
JournalPediatric cardiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2004


  • Analgesics
  • Antiarrhythmic
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Diuretics
  • Inhalation pulmonary vasodilators
  • Inotropes
  • Medications
  • Pediatric
  • Sedatives
  • Subacute bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis
  • Vasodilators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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