The physical basis of total internal reflection fluorescence (Tirf) microscopy and its cellular applications

Natalie S. Poulter, William T E Pitkeathly, Philip J. Smith, Joshua Z. Rappoport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy has gained popularity in recent years among cell biologists due to its ability to clearly visualize events that occur at the adherent plasma membrane of cells. TIRF microscopy systems are now commercially available from nearly all microscope suppliers. This review aims to give the reader an introduction to the physical basis of TIRF and considerations that need to be made when purchasing a commercial system. We explain how TIRF can be combined with other microscopy modalities and describe how to use TIRF to study processes such as endocytosis, exocytosis, and focal adhesion dynamics. Finally, we provide a step-by-step guide to imaging and analyzing focal adhesion dynamics in a migrating cell using TIRF microscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1251
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Endocytosis
  • Exocytosis
  • Focal adhesions
  • Total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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