Advances in nanoscale directed assembly strategies have enabled researchers to analogize atomic assembly via chemical reactions and nanoparticle assembly, creating a new nanoscale "periodic table." We are just beginning to realize the nanoparticle equivalents of molecules and extended materials and are currently developing the ground rules for creating programmable nanometer-scale coordination environments. The ability to create a diverse set of nanoscale architectures from one class of nanoparticle building blocks would allow for the synthesis of designer materials, wherein the physical properties of a material could be predicted and controlled a priori. Our group has taken the first steps toward this goal and developed a means of creating tailorable assembly environments using DNA-nanoparticle conjugates. These nanobioconjugates combine the discrete plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles with the synthetically controllable and highly selective recognition properties of DNA. Herein, we elucidate the beneficial properties of these materials in diagnostic, therapeutic, and detection capabilities and project their potential use as nanoscale assembly agents to realize complex three-dimensional nanostrudures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry