PURPOSE: Gonadotropin analogs like leuprolide play an important role in the management of prostate cancer. Pituitary apoplexy has been reported after leuprolide therapy. This report examines whether the presence of a pituitary tumor is a contraindication for leuprolide therapy in patients with prostate cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patients with prostate cancer and pituitary tumors were treated with leuprolide and radiation therapy. The first patient with a previously unknown pituitary adenoma had a leuprolide injection for prostate gland downsizing prior to brachytherapy. The second patient with a known pituitary microadenoma had a biochemical recurrence and was treated with leuprolide and radiation therapy.
RESULTS: The first patient developed symptoms of apoplexy a few hours after the leuprolide injection. He underwent a transsphenoidal resection of the sellar mass with complete neurologic recovery. The second patient did not have any adverse events after leuprolide with follow-up MRI scans showing no growth of the microadenomas.
CONCLUSION: The presence of a pituitary tumor is not a contraindication for leuprolide therapy. While patients with a macroadenoma should have surgery first, those with a microadenoma may be considered for leuprolide therapy after careful evaluation by a multidisciplinary team.
ASJC Scopus subject areas