The process of replication target selection in psychology: what to consider?

Merle Marie Pittelkow*, Sarahanne M. Field, Peder M. Isager, Anna E. Van't Veer, Thomas Anderson, Scott N. Cole, Tomáš Dominik, Roger Giner-Sorolla, Sebahat Gok, Tom Heyman, Marc Jekel, Timothy J. Luke, David B. Mitchell, Rik Peels, Rosina Pendrous, Samuel Sarrazin, Jacob M. Schauer, Eva Specker, Ulrich S. Tran, Marek A. VrankaJelte M. Wicherts, Naoto Yoshimura, Rolf A. Zwaan, Don Van Ravenzwaaij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Increased execution of replication studies contributes to the effort to restore credibility of empirical research. However, a second generation of problems arises: the number of potential replication targets is at a serious mismatch with available resources. Given limited resources, replication target selection should be well-justified, systematic and transparently communicated. At present the discussion on what to consider when selecting a replication target is limited to theoretical discussion, self-reported justifications and a few formalized suggestions. In this Registered Report, we proposed a study involving the scientific community to create a list of considerations for consultation when selecting a replication target in psychology. We employed a modified Delphi approach. First, we constructed a preliminary list of considerations. Second, we surveyed psychologists who previously selected a replication target with regards to their considerations. Third, we incorporated the results into the preliminary list of considerations and sent the updated list to a group of individuals knowledgeable about concerns regarding replication target selection. Over the course of several rounds, we established consensus regarding what to consider when selecting a replication target. The resulting checklist can be used for transparently communicating the rationale for selecting studies for replication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number210586
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023


  • consensus
  • replication
  • study selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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