The production of leukaemia inhibitory factor by human endometrium: Presence in uterine flushings and production by cells in culture

S. M. Laird*, E. M. Tuckerman, C. F. Dalton, B. C. Dunphy, T. C. Li, X. Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

246 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concentration of leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) was measured in uterine bushings obtained from normal fertile women, from women with unexplained infertility and from women who suffered recurrent miscarriage. In normal fertile women, LIF was not detected in flushings obtained on days luteinizing hormone (LH) + 0 to LH + 6 of the cycle, but concentrations gradually increased from day LH + 7 to a maximum at day LH + 12. The amount of LIF in bushings obtained from women with unexplained infertility was significantly lower than in those from normal fertile women on day LH + 10 (P < 0.05). The production of LIF by cultured human epithelial and stromal cells was also investigated. LIF was not detectable in the supernatants of cultured stromal cells. Basal LIF production by epithelial cells varied according to the stage in the cycle at which the biopsy was taken. Significantly more LIF was produced by epithelial cells from late proliferative and early secretory endometrium compared with amounts produced by cells from early proliferative (P < 0.001) and late secretory (P < 0.01) endometrium. High doses of progesterone and oestradiol caused a small decrease in epithelial cell LIF production: the combined effect of progesterone and oestradiol (P < 0.01) was greater than the effect of either steroid alone (P < 0.05). The results show, for the first time, the capability of human endometrium to produce LIF in vivo. The fact that maximum LIF concentrations are present at implantation and that decreased concentrations occur in women with unexplained infertility suggest the importance of this cytokine in embryo implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-574
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1997

Keywords

  • Human endometrium
  • Leukaemia inhibitory factor
  • Steroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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