The Protective Effects of Supportive Parenting on the Relationship Between Adolescent Poverty and Resting-State Functional Brain Connectivity During Adulthood

Gene H. Brody*, Tianyi Yu, Robin Nusslock, Allen W. Barton, Greg Miller, Edith Chen, Christopher Holmes, Michael McCormick, Lawrence H. Sweet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children growing up in poverty are vulnerable to negative changes in the developing brain; however, these outcomes vary widely. We tested the hypothesis that receipt of supportive parenting would offset the association between living in poverty during adolescence and the connectivity of neural networks that support cognition and emotion regulation during young adulthood. In a sample of African American youths (N = 119) living in the rural South, poverty status and receipt of supportive parenting were assessed when youths were 11 to 13 and 16 to 18 years old. At age 25, resting-state functional connectivity of the central-executive and emotion-regulation neural networks was assessed using functional MRI. The results revealed that more years spent living in poverty presaged less connectivity in both neural networks among young adults who received low levels of supportive parenting but not among those who received high levels of such parenting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1040-1049
Number of pages10
JournalPsychological Science
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • adolescent development
  • environmental effects
  • minority groups
  • neural networks
  • poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this