The pseudorestrictive pattern of transmitral Doppler flow pattern after conversion of atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm: Is atrial or ventricular dysfunction to blame?

Hirotsugu Yamada, Erwan Donal, Yong Jin Kim, Deborah A. Agler, Youhua Zhang, Neil L. Greenberg, Todor N. Mazgalev, James D. Thomas, Richard A. Grimm*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) who have recently converted from AF to sinus rhythm often exhibit a restrictive Doppler pattern in the transmitral flow (TMF) velocity. However, the mechanism of this phenomenon has not been well defined. We evaluated the temporal change of TMF pattern and hemodynamics after conversion of AF to in sinus rhythm in an animal model. Eight open-chest dogs underwent 3 hours of pacing-induced AF. TMF velocities and pressure data were acquired at baseline (sinus rhythm), immediately after conversion of AF, and every 10 minutes thereafter. Early diastolic TMF velocity was increased immediately after conversion and recovered to the baseline value in 20 minutes. Atrial systolic TMF velocity was reduced after AF and recovered to baseline value in 20 to 30 minutes. Early diastolic/atrial systolic TMF velocity was increased after conversion, and recovered to baseline value in 20 to 30 minutes. The mean left atrial (LA) pressure increased immediately, 10 and 20 minutes after the conversion of AF to sinus rhythm. The left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was increased and positive left ventricular dP/dt and τ were decreased immediately after AF, whereas they recovered within 10 minutes. In conclusion, a pseudorestrictive pattern of TMF after AF occurred as a result of transient LA mechanical functional impairment and increased LA pressure caused by LA stunning. Transient left ventricular diastolic dysfunction also effected the TMF velocity immediately after the conversion from AF to sinus rhythm, although it recovered faster than LA mechanical dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-818
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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