The Rac1/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is required for interferon α-dependent transcriptional activation but not serine phosphorylation of Stat proteins

Shahab Uddin, Fatima Lekmine, Niti Sharma, Beata Majchrzak, Ingrid Mayer, Peter R. Young, Gary M. Bokochi, Eleanor N. Fish, Leonidas C. Platanias*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

170 Scopus citations

Abstract

The p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is activated during engagement of the type I interferon (IFN) receptor and mediates signals essential for IFNα-dependent transcriptional activation via interferon-stimulated response elements without affecting formation of the ISGF3 complex. In the present study, we provide evidence that the small GTPase Rac1 is activated in a type I IFN-dependent manner and that its function is required for downstream engagement of the p38 MAP kinase pathway. We also demonstrate that p38 is required for IFNα-dependent gene transcription via GAS elements and regulates activation of the promoter of the PML gene that mediates growth inhibitory responses. In studies to determine whether the regulatory effects of p38 are mediated by serine phosphorylation of Stat1 or Stat3, we found that the p38 kinase inhibitors SB203580 or SB202190 or overexpression of a dominant negative p38 mutant do not inhibit phosphorylation of Stat1 or Stat3 on Ser-727 in several IFNα-sensitive cell lines. Altogether these data demonstrate that the Rac1/p38 MAP kinase signaling cascade plays a critical role in type I IFN signaling, functioning in cooperation with the Stat-pathway, to regulate transcriptional regulation of IFNα-sensitive genes and generation of growth inhibitory responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27634-27640
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 8 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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