The radial dependence of temperature and iron abundance - Galaxy clusters from z = 0.14 to z = 0.89

S. Ehlert*, M. P. Ulmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Context. The origin and evolution of the intracluster medium (ICM) are still not fully understood. A better understanding is not only interesting in its own right, but it is also important for modeling hierarchical structure growth and for using cluster surveys to determine cosmological parameters. Aims. To determine if there exists any evidence for evolution in the temperature or iron abundance gradients between z ≅ 0.14 and z ≅ 0.89, therefore elucidating the origin of energy and metal input to the ICM. Methods. By using a sample of 35 observations of 31 clusters of galaxies found in the archival data of Chandra and XMM-Newton with redshifts between 0.14 and 0.89, we derived the temperature and iron abundance radial profiles. To compare clusters with similar properties, the data were divided into comparable subsets. Results. There is no substantial evidence to suggest that the iron abundance radial profiles in galaxy clusters evolve with redshift in any of the chosen subsets. Temperature radial profiles also do not appear to be changing with redshift once selection effects are taken into account. Conclusions. The lack of evolution in the iron profiles is consistent with scenarios where the galaxies in clusters are stripped of their gas at higher redshifts. The temperature and iron abundance profiles also suggest that the primary source of heating in high redshift clusters is the gravitational infall of mass. These findings further emphasize the importance of modeling the local environment of clusters in cosmological studies and have important implications for studies that go to larger redshifts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-46
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 2009


  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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