The relationship between body mass index and sexual function in endometrial cancer

Rubi M. Garcia*, Alexandra Hanlon, William Small, Jonathan B. Strauss, Lillie Lin, Jessica Wells, Deborah W. Bruner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between pretreatment body mass index (BMI) and post-treatment sexual function in women treated for endometrial cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: 28 postmenopausal women treated with vaginal brachytherapy (VBT) took part in this multisite exploratory secondary analysis at the University of Pennsylvania and Northwestern University. METHODS & VARIABLES: Secondary data analysis was used to determine if pretreatment BMI is associated with post-VBT sexual function in postmenopausal women treated for endometrial cancer at baseline and at six months post-treatment. Because of small sample size, participants were dichotomized according to enrollment BMI: 30 or greater (obese) and less than 30 (non-obese). The Female Sexual Function Index was used to assess sexual function, with total scores of 26.55 or less indicating sexual dysfunction. RESULTS: Both groups had poor sexual function at baseline. Although improved function was observed with time, neither group reached a score indicating healthy sexual function. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Understanding factors that influence sexual health in patients with gynecologic cancer can improve post-treatment quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalOncology nursing forum
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018


  • Body mass index
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Female sexual function index
  • Sexual dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology(nursing)


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