The relationship between covid-19 related stress and medication adherence among high-risk adults during the acceleration phase of the us outbreak

Caroline Zhao, Stephanie Batio, Rebecca Lovett, Allison P. Pack, Michael S. Wolf, Stacy C. Bailey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the relationship between stress regarding COVID-19 and medication adherence. Patients and Methods: Older adults with ≥1 chronic condition(s) were recruited from 4 active, federally funded studies in Chicago to participate in a longitudinal telephone survey. Participants self-reported stress regarding COVID-19 in the last week. Adherence was measured via the ASK-12 survey. Results: Most participants reported feeling stressed “some of the time” (54.0%), while 18.2% felt stressed “most” or “all of the time” and 27.8% “never” felt stressed. In bivariate analyses, participants who reported being stressed “most” or “all of the time” had worse medication adherence than participants who reported being stressed “some of the time” or “never” (p < 0.001). In multivariable analyses, participants who reported feeling stressed “most” or “all of the time” had worse adherence than those who “never” felt stressed (Adjusted Least Square Mean (Standard Error): 21.3 (0.6) vs 19.7 (0.6), p=0.01). Conclusion: Stress due to COVID-19 has significantly impacted medication adherence, which has negative implications for the course of both COVID-19 and comorbid conditions. Healthcare providers should be aware of the potential impact of COVID-19 on patients’ mental and physical well-being and consider ways to routinely assess patient experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1895-1902
Number of pages8
JournalPatient Preference and Adherence
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Comorbidity
  • Medication adherence
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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