The Relationship Between Frailty and Functional Outcomes, Range of Motion, and Reoperation After Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty for Proximal Humerus Fracture

Dafang Zhang*, Peter J. Ostergaard, Matthew J. Hall, Monica Shoji, Brandon E. Earp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate whether frailty is associated with functional outcomes, motion, and reoperation at a minimum of 2 years after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) for proximal humerus fracture. We performed a retrospective study of 153 patients who underwent rTSA for proximal humerus fracture at two level 1 trauma centers from 2003 to 2018 with minimum 2-year follow-up. Frailty was assessed using the modified 5-item frailty index (mFI). The primary outcome variable was the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) shoulder score at minimum 2-year follow-up. The secondary outcome variables were the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), the Shoulder Subjective Value (SSV), the 0 to 10 numeric rating scale (NRS) pain score, surgical complication, and reoperation. Bivariate comparisons were made between mFI and outcome variables. The mean age of the 153 patients was 70 years, and 76% were women. Forty patients (26%) had a mFI score of 0, 65 patients (42%) had a mFI score of 1, 40 patients (26%) had a mFI score of 2, and 8 patients (5%) had a mFI score of 3. Twenty-seven patients (18%) had complications, and 21 patients (14%) underwent reoperation. At minimum 2-year follow-up, mFI was not associated with ASES shoulder score, SPADI, SPADI pain or disability subscales, SSV, NRS pain score, active and passive shoulder forward flexion, abduction, and external rotation, complication, or reoperation. Provided they survive the initial physiologic insults of trauma and surgery, patients with higher mFI scores treated with rTSA for proximal humerus fracture can expect similar medium-term restoration of shoulder function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
JournalOrthopedics
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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