The relationship between muscle kinetic parameters and kinematic variables in a complex movement

Slobodan Jarić*, Dušan Ristanović, Daniel M. Corcos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kinematic variables of the vertical jump (jumping height, jump phase durations and joint angles) were measured on 39 male physical education students. In addition, kinetic parameters of the hip and knee extensors, and of the plantar flexors (maxima voluntary force and its rate of development) were recorded on the same subjects, in isometric conditions. The results demonstrated significant positive correlations between kinetic parameters of the active muscle groups and jumping height (r=0.217-0.464). The dominant effect on these correlations was due to the knee extensors. Correlations between these parameters and the duration of the jump phases were much weaker. Correlation coefficients between kinetic parameters and limb angles in the lowest body position showed that fast force production in one muscle group was related to a significant decrease in the joint angles of distant body segments. Multiple correlation coefficients between leg extensor parameters and kinematic variables (ranging between 0.256 for the duration of the counter-movement phase and 0.616 for jump height) suggested that kinetic parameters could explain more than a quarter of the variability of this complex human movement. Therefore, the conclusion was drawn that an extended set of measurements of the relevant musculo-skeletal system parameters could predict a considerable amount of the variability of human movement. However, high correlation coefficients between the same kinetic parameters of different muscle groups suggest that not all active muscle groups have to be included in the measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-376
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

Keywords

  • Isometric force production
  • Joint angles
  • Jumping height
  • Leg extensors
  • Muscle mechanics
  • Vertical jump performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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