The relationship between self-report of depression and media usage

Martin Block*, Daniel B. Stern, Kalyan Raman, Sang Lee, Jim Carey, Ashlee A. Humphreys, Frank Mulhern, Bobby Calder, Don Schultz, Charles N. Rudick, Anne J. Blood, Hans C. Breiter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Depression is a debilitating condition that adversely affects many aspects of a person's life and general health. Earlier work has supported the idea that there may be a relationship between the use of certain media and depression. In this study, we tested if self-report of depression (SRD), which is not a clinically based diagnosis, was associated with increased internet, television, and social media usage by using data collected in the Media Behavior and Influence Study (MBIS) database (N = 19,776 subjects). We further assessed the relationship of demographic variables to this association. These analyses found that SRD rates were in the range of published rates of clinically diagnosed major depression. It found that those who tended to use more media also tended to be more depressed, and that segmentation of SRD subjects was weighted toward internet and television usage, which was not the case with non-SRD subjects, who were segmented along social media use. This study found that those who have suffered either economic or physical life setbacks are orders of magnitude more likely to be depressed, even without disproportionately high levels of media use. However, among those that have suffered major life setbacks, high media users—particularly television watchers—were even more likely to report experiencing depression, which suggests that these effects were not just due to individuals having more time for media consumption. These findings provide an example of how Big Data can be used for medical and mental health research, helping to elucidate issues not traditionally tested in the fields of psychiatry or experimental psychology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number712
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2014

Keywords

  • Big data
  • Depression
  • Marketing communications
  • Media use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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