The relative contribution of war experiences and exile-related stressors to levels of psychological distress among Bosnian refugees

Kenneth E. Miller*, Stevan M. Weine, Alma Ramic, Nenad Brkic, Zvezdana Djuric Bjedic, Amer Smajkic, Esad Boskailo, Greg Worthington

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the relative contribution of 2 exile-related variables - social isolation and daily activity level - and war experiences of violence and loss, to levels of PTSD and depressive symptomatology in 2 groups of Bosnian refugees, 1 clinical group (N = 59) and the other a nonclinical community (N = 40) group. As hypothesized, exposure to war-related violence was highly predictive of PTSD symptoms in both groups; in addition, social isolation was significantly related to PTSD symptomatology in the community group. In contrast, depressive symptomatology was accounted for primarily by the exile-related stressors. For the clinical group, depressive symptoms were also accounted for by experiences of war-related loss. The implications of these findings for mental health interventions with refugees are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

Keywords

  • Distress
  • Exile
  • War

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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