The role of adjuvant irradiation following primary prostatectomy, based on histopathologic extent of tumor

Bruce E. Shevlin, Bharat B. Mittal*, William N. Brand, Ramananda M. Shetty

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

One hundred twenty-three patients who underwent primary prostatectomy at Northwestern Memorial Hospital during the years 1976 to 1985 are reviewed. The patients were divided into three groups: Group 1 (50 patients) comprises patients with tumor well-contained within the prostate and without perineural, perivascular, or lymphatic (NVL) invasion; Group 2 (57 patients) comprises patients with more extensive tumor extending through or to the prostatic capsule, extending to or near the surgical margin, involving seminal vesicles, or having NVL invasion; Group 3 (16 patients) comprises those patients who received immediate postoperative irradiation. The actuarial 10-year local control rates of Group 1 (88%) and Group 3 (100%) were statistically superior to that of Group (72%), p < 0.05. The actuarial 10-year disease-free survival rate of Group 1 (72%) is statistically superior to that of Group 2 (56%), p < 0.01; the difference in 10-year disease-free survival between Group 2 (56%) and Group 3 (64%) did not reach statistical significance. Ten-year actuarial survival statistics are 64%, 80%, and 76% for Groups 1, 2, and 3 respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in actuarial survival among any of the groups. Patients with tumor extending to or through the prostatic capsule, extending to or near the surgical margins, involving the seminal vesicles, or having NVL invasion all may benefit from adjuvant irradiation in the immediate perioperative period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1430
Number of pages6
JournalInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1989

Keywords

  • Adjuvant radiation
  • Prognostic histopathologic features
  • Prostate carcinoma
  • Prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The role of adjuvant irradiation following primary prostatectomy, based on histopathologic extent of tumor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this