The Role of Diet and Nutrient Composition in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Erin Marie McCarthy, Mary E. Rinella*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the developed world. NAFLD is tightly linked to insulin resistance and considered to be the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. The cornerstone of any treatment regimen for patients with NAFLD is lifestyle modification focused on weight loss, exercise, and improving insulin sensitivity. Here we review the literature and discuss the role of diet and nutrient composition in the management of NAFLD. Because there are currently no specific dietary guidelines for NAFLD, this review proposes a dietary framework for patients with NAFLD based on the available evidence and extrapolates from dietary guidelines aimed at reducing insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-409
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • Fatty liver
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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