The role of linguistic experience in the processing of probabilistic information in production

Erin Gustafson*, Matthew Goldrick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Speakers track the probability that a word will occur in a particular context and utilise this information during phonetic processing. For example, content words that have high probability within a discourse tend to be realised with reduced acoustic/articulatory properties. Such probabilistic information may influence L1 and L2 speech processing in distinct ways (reflecting differences in linguistic experience across groups and the overall difficulty of L2 speech processing). To examine this issue, L1 and L2 speakers performed a referential communication task, describing sequences of simple actions. The two groups of speakers showed similar effects of discourse-dependent probabilistic information on production, suggesting that L2 speakers can successfully track discourse-dependent probabilities and use such information to modulate phonetic processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-226
Number of pages16
JournalLanguage, Cognition and Neuroscience
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 7 2018


  • L2 speech
  • Language production
  • phonetics
  • reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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