The role of lipoprotein lipase and apoprotein E in the recognition of chylomicrons and chylomicron remnants by cultured isolated mouse hepatocytes

Suyi Chang, Nobuyo Maeda, Jayme Borensztajn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) has been proposed to play a role in the uptake of chylomicron remnants by hepatocytes by mediating the binding of these lipoproteins to cell-surface glycosaminoglycans and to the low-density-lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). This proposal is based on studies that examined the binding of chylomicrons to HepG2 cells, fibroblasts and Chinese hamster ovary cells in culture, in the presence of large amounts of LPL. We have investigated whether LPL attached to the surface of chylomicrons enhances the binding and uptake of these lipoproteins to isolated hepatocytes maintained in culture. Bovine milk LPL was bound to mouse chylomicrons, double-labelled in vivo with [3H]retinol. (in retinyl esters) and with [14C]palmitic acid (in triacylglycerols), collected from the mesenteric lymph of normal mice and from mice lacking the apoprotein E (apo E) gene. Normal chylomicrons (containing apo E) and apo E-free chylomicrons, with or without bound LPL, were incubated with cultured hepatocytes isolated from mice lacking the apo E gene. At 0°C LPL did not enhance the binding of the normal or apo E-free chylomicrons by the hepatocytes. When incubations were performed at 37°C the triacylglycerols of normal and apo E-free chylomicrons were hydrolysed by LPL and there was a significant uptake of [14C]fatty acids and [3H]retinol by the hepatocytes. The addition of heparin or lactoferrin, a known inhibitor of hepatic uptake of chylomicron remnants, to the incubation medium inhibited the uptake of [3H]retinol, present in the lipoprotein core, but not the uptake of the [14C]fatty acids. We conclude that: (1) LPL attached to chylomicrons in amounts sufficient to effectively hydrolyse their core triacylglycerols does not enhance the binding of these lipoproteins to the surface of isolated hepatocytes; (2) the recognition and uptake of chylomicrons by hepatocytes requires that these lipoproteins be first hydrolysed by LPL; and (3) the uptake of lipolysed chylomicrons (remnants) by hepatocytes does not require the mediation of apo E.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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