Human lung transplant recipients undergoing rejection induce circulatory exosomes with lung self-antigens (SAgs), K-alpha 1 Tubulin and Collagen V, and immunization of C57BL/6 mice with exosomes induced obliterative airway disease (HEI-OAD). We analyzed whether exosomes with SAgs induced immunity in microRNA-155 knockout mice (miR-155KO), as microRNA-155 is an immune regulator. C57BL/6 and miR-155KO were immunized with exosomes from stable or chronic rejection (bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and on day 30, induction of exosomes, antibodies (Abs) to SAgs and cellular immunity were determined. C57BL/6 immunized with exosomes from BOS developed OAD. These immunized animals also developed Abs to SAgs and increased frequency of SAg-specific IFNγ and IL17- producing cells. In contrast, Abs to SAgs did not develop in miR-155KO and there was reduction in frequency of cells producing IL10. Upregulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling for lung inflammation was also noted resulting in abrogation of induction of exosomes with SAgs OAD.
- Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome
- Obliterans airway disease
- miRNA 155
ASJC Scopus subject areas