The role of neonatal health i n the i nci dence of chi ldhood di sabi li ty

Todd Elder, David Figlio, Scott Imberman, Claudia Persico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We use linked birth and education records for all children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 to assess the effects of neonatal health on the identification of childhood disabilities. We find that several measures of neonatal health are associated with disability incidence, although birth weight plays the most empirically relevant role. Using large samples of siblings and twins, we find that infant health influences multiple measures of disability and grade repetition in school. The association between birth weight and disability holds throughout the distribution of birth weight and across a range of socioeconomic characteristics, including maternal education and race.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-250
Number of pages35
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Child development
  • Disability
  • Neonatal health
  • Special education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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