The role of potentially retrievable inferior vena cava filters in high-risk patients undergoing joint arthroplasty

Sabeen Dhand*, S. David Stulberg, Lalit Puri, Jennifer Karp, Robert K. Ryu, Robert J. Lewandowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Some patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of prIVCF in preventing PE in patients undergoing joint replacement surgery who are at high-risk for VTE. Materials and Methods: In this prospective, IRB-approved study, prIVCF were placed in consecutive patients who met specific high-risk criteria (history of VTE or hypercoaguable state) prior to total joint arthroplasty. Patients were followed until the IVC filter was removed. Outcomes and complications were recorded per Society of Interventional Radiology guidelines. Results: One hundred and nine potentially retrievable IVC filters were placed in 105 patients, who all subsequently underwent joint arthroplasty. One hundred eight IVC filters (98.9%) were retrieved successfully in a mean time of 44.1 days (range 13-183 days). There was 1 failed IVC filter retrieval attempt (0.9%) at 46 days post implantation. Two patients (1.9%) presented with recurrent PE and were successfully treated with anticoagulation prior to IVC filter retrieval. There were no fatalities from perioperative PE. In 1 patient (0.9%), a fractured filter leg had embolized during retrieval. Conclusion: Potentially retrievable IVC filters are safe and effective for prophylaxis against PE in patients at high-risk for VTE undergoing joint arthroplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)TC01-TC03
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Prophylaxis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Safety
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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