The role of self-efficacy in inflammatory bowel disease management: Preliminary validation of a disease-specific measure

Laurie Keefer*, Jennifer L. Kiebles, Tiffany Noel Taft

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) require self-management skills that may be influenced by self-efficacy (SE). Self-efficacy represents an individual's perception of his or her ability to organize and execute the behaviors necessary to manage disease. The goal of this study was to develop a valid and reliable measure of IBD-specific SE that can be used in clinical and research contexts. Methods: One hundred and twenty-two adults with a verified IBD diagnosis participated in the study. Data were pooled from 2 sources: patients from an outpatient university gastroenterology clinic (n = 42) and a sample of online respondents (n = 80). All participants (N = 122) completed the IBD Self-Efficacy Scale (IBD-SES) and the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire. Additionally, online participants completed the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, whereas those in the clinic sample completed the Perceived Health Competence Scale, the Perceived Stress Questionnaire, and the Short Form Version 2 Health Survey. Results: The IBD-SES was initially constructed to identify 4 distinct theoretical domains of self-efficacy: (1) managing stress and emotions, (2) managing medical care, (3) managing symptoms and disease, and (4) maintaining remission. The 29-item IBD-SES has high internal consistency (r = 0.96), high test-retest reliability (r = 0.90), and demonstrates strong construct and concurrent validity with established measures. Conclusions: The IBD-SES is a critical first step toward addressing an important psychological construct that could influence treatment outcomes in IBD. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-620
Number of pages7
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Keywords

  • IBD
  • IBD Self-Efficacy Scale
  • disease management
  • self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Gastroenterology

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