The role of stress in female reproduction: animal and human considerations

Robert Treat Chatterton Jr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stress, of both physical and emotional origin, has effects on the reproductive system. Although both ACTH and glucocorticoids are elevated in stress, there is little evidence that these hormones directly affect gonadotropin secretion or ovulation. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) does interact with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-producing neurons, probably through an opioidergic pathway, suppressing gonadotropin secretion. Opioids, primarily β-endorphin, originating through CRF-independent mechanisms in the brain or even the pituitary may also inhibit GnRH production. Tonic, pulsatile gonadotropin secretion is inhibited by stress and by administered morphine, but morphine does not block the estrogen-induced preovulatory surge in primates. Accordingly, impaired follicular development appears to be the most common cause of reproductive dysfunction attributable to stress in the human female. New developments in the understanding of the role of stress in reproduction must take into consideration the many differences between the hormonal responses to stress in the human and laboratory animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Fertility
Volume35
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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