The role of the ITIH3 rs2535629 variant in antipsychotic response

E. J. Brandl, T. A. Lett, N. I. Chowdhury, A. K. Tiwari, G. Bakanidze, H. Y. Meltzer, S. G. Potkin, J. A. Lieberman, J. L. Kennedy, D. J. Müller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Introduction There is mounting evidence that schizophrenia risk variants influence response to antipsychotic medication. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in or near the inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H3 (ITIH3) gene have been repeatedly associated with schizophrenia and related psychiatric disorders in genome-wide association studies. Here, we provide the first study to assess the relevance of the ITIH3 rs2535629 SNP in response to antipsychotic medication. Methods The rs2535629 SNP was genotyped in N = 256 patients receiving various antipsychotics for up to 26 weeks. Treatment response was assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) including its positive and negative subscales. Follow-up analyses were performed after stratifying for ethnicity and medication. Results We found significant association of rs2535629 with improvement of negative symptoms in patients of European ancestry after six months of clozapine treatment (F1,87 = 8.8, pcorr = 0.032). Patients homozygous for the minor A-allele showed the best improvement of negative BPRS scores. However, we observed no association between rs2535629 and changes in total BPRS score in the entire sample or the clozapine-treated subgroup. Discussion Although there was no association of genotype with overall changes in BPRS scores, the greater improvement of negative symptoms in minor allele carriers indicates that rs2535629 may help to identify a subset of schizophrenia patients with better treatment response to clozapine. Therefore, our findings provide the first suggestive evidence that rs2535629 is relevant in antipsychotic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016


  • Clozapine
  • ITIH3
  • Schizophrenia
  • Treatment response
  • rs2535629

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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