The role of tumor density in predicting significant cancer on targeted biopsy of the prostate

Guy Erlich, Ziv Savin, Ibrahim Fahoum, Sophie Barnes, Eliran Dahan, Yuval Bar-Yosef, Ofer Yossepowitch, Gal Keren-Paz, Roy Mano*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is central to diagnosing prostate cancer; however, not all imaged lesions represent clinically significant tumors. We aimed to evaluate the association between the relative tumor volume on mpMRI and clinically significant prostate cancer on biopsy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 340 patients who underwent combined transperineal targeted and systematic prostate biopsies between 2017 and 2021. Tumor volume was estimated based on the mpMRI diameter of suspected lesions. Relative tumor volume (tumor density) was calculated by dividing the tumor and prostate volumes. The study outcome was clinically significant cancer on biopsy. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between tumor density and the outcome. The cutoff for tumor density was determined with ROC curves. Results: Median estimated prostate and peripheral zone tumor volumes were 55cm3 and 0.61cm3, respectively. Median PSA density was 0.13 and peripheral zone tumor density was 0.01. Overall, 231 patients (68%) had any cancer and 130 (38%) had clinically significant cancer. On multivariable logistic regression age, PSA, previous biopsy, maximal PI-RADS score, prostate volume, and peripheral zone tumor density were significant predictors of outcome. Using a threshold of 0.006, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of peripheral zone tumor density were 0.9, 0.51, 0.57, and 0.88, respectively. Conclusion: Peripheral zone tumor density is associated with clinically significant prostate cancer in patients with PI-RADS 4 and 5 mpMRI lesions. Future studies are required to validate our findings and evaluate the role of tumor density in avoiding unnecessary biopsies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323.e9-323.e15
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate specific antigen
  • Targeted prostate biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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