The Roles of Busyness and Daily Routine in Medication Management Behaviors Among Older Adults

Tara C. Klinedinst*, Lauren Opsasnick, Julia Yoshino Benavente, Michael Wolf, Rachel O’Conor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Busyness (the density of activities) and daily routine (patterns of organizing time) are two understudied factors that likely impact medication-taking behaviors. We examined the association between busyness and routine with medication adherence (MA) in 405 older adults with adequate cognition using multivariable models. The final model included an interaction term between daily routine and busyness. MA scores (measured by the ASK-12, higher scores mean more barriers to adherence) were higher for individuals reporting low and moderate levels of daily routine versus those with high daily routine. MA scores were higher for individuals reporting moderate and high busyness versus those reporting low busyness. The busyness/routine interaction term was significant for MA; among highly busy individuals, those with high daily routine had lower MA scores than those with low routine. A daily routine may be a modifiable factor for improving MA among older adults, particularly among those with busy lives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2566-2573
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • activities of daily living
  • applied cognition
  • chronic illness
  • health behaviors
  • medication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology


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