The selective neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist R116301 modulates photic responses of the hamster circadian system

Etienne Challet*, Christine Dugovic, Fred W. Turek, Olivier Van Reeth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The recent development of selective NK1 receptor antagonists that are active in vivo provides an important research tool to examine the role of substance P in the regulation of circadian rhythmicity. First, we tested whether R116301 {(2R-trans)-4-[1-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl]-2-(phenylmethyl)-4-pipe ridinyl]-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-1-acetamide (S) hydroxybutanedioate}, a new selective NK1 antagonist, alters the phase-shifting effects of light. Hamsters housed in constant darkness were injected with different doses of R116301, just before being exposed to a light pulse during the subjective night. The results were compared with those obtained with the NK1 antagonist L-760,735 {2-(R)-(1-(R)-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)ethoxy)-4-(5-(dimethylaminome thyl)-1,2,3-trioazol-4-yl)methyl-3-(5)-phenyl)morpholine}. Second, the effects of the NK1 antagonists R116301 or L-760,735 injected immediately after exposure to a light pulse were similarly determined. Third, we investigated whether R116301 or L-760,735 injected during the mid-subjective day or the late subjective night can phase-shift the circadian rhythm of locomotor activity in hamsters housed in constant light. Both compounds reduced, by more than 30%, the phase-advancing effects of a light pulse in hamsters otherwise maintained in constant darkness, only when the drugs were administered before the light pulse. Under constant light conditions, both NK1 receptor antagonists induced significant phase-advances when injected during the subjective day, but not during the subjective night. The present results indicate that tachykinergic neurotransmission modulates the photic responses of the circadian system upstream of phase resetting mechanisms and suggest that an inhibition of the NK1 receptor signals "darkness" to the circadian clock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-415
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2001

Keywords

  • Circadian rhythm
  • NK receptor
  • Substance P
  • Suprachiasmatic nucleus
  • Tachykinin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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