The Severity of Reduced Esophageal Distensibility Parallels Eosinophilic Esophagitis Disease Duration

Isis K. Araujo, Cristina Shehata, Ikuo Hirano, Nimala Gonsalves, Peter J. Kahrilas, Marie Pier Tetreault, Jacob M. Schauer, Domenico Farina, Stephanie Peterson, Wenjun Kou, John E. Pandolfino, Dustin A. Carlson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Chronic inflammation of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) results in progressive, fibrostenotic remodeling of the esophageal wall. This study aimed to demonstrate objective changes in esophageal distensibility relative to duration of EoE disease using a functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP). Methods: Adult patients with EoE who completed a 16-cm FLIP protocol during endoscopy were evaluated in a cross-sectional study. FLIP analysis focused on distensibility plateau (DP) of the esophageal body. The time from onset of symptoms to time of endoscopy with FLIP was assessed, as was time from symptom onset to EoE diagnosis (ie, diagnostic delay). Results: A total of 171 patients (mean age 38 ± 12 years; 31% female) were included; the median symptom duration was 8 (interquartile range, 3–15) years and diagnostic delay was 4 (interquartile range, 1–12) years. At the time of endoscopy with FLIP, there were 54 patients (39%) in histologic remission (<15 eosinophils per high-power field [eos/hpf]). Symptom duration and diagnostic delay were negatively correlated with DP (rho = –0.326 and –0.309; P values < .001). Abnormal esophageal distensibility (DP ≤17 mm) was more prevalent with increased duration of symptoms (P < .004): 23% at <5 years to 64% at ≥25 years. When stratifying the cohort based on mucosal eosinophil density, patients with ≥15 eos/hpf had significantly lower DP with greater symptom duration (P = .004), while there was not a significant difference among patients with <15 eos/hpf (P = .060). Conclusions: Esophageal distensibility objectively measured with FLIP was reduced in EoE patients with greater symptom duration and diagnostic delay. This supports that EoE is a progressive, fibrostenotic disease and that FLIP may be a useful tool to monitor disease progression in EoE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-522.e1
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Compliance
  • Dysphagia
  • Endoscopy
  • Stricture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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