The size effect on void growth in ductile materials

B. Liu, X. Qiu, Y. Huang*, K. C. Hwang, M. Li, C. Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


We have extended the Rice-Tracey model (J. Mech. Phys. Solids 17 (1969) 201) of void growth to account for the void size effect based on the Taylor dislocation model, and have found that small voids tend to grow slower than large voids. For a perfectly plastic solid, the void size effect comes into play through the ratio εl/R0, where l is the intrinsic material length on the order of microns, ε the remote effective strain, and R0 the void size. For micron-sized voids and small remote effective strain such that εl/R0 ≤ 0.02, the void size influences the void growth rate only at high stress triaxialities. However, for sub-micron-sized voids and relatively large effective strain such that εl/R0 > 0.2, the void size has a significant effect on the void growth rate at all levels of stress triaxiality. We have also obtained the asymptotic solutions of void growth rate at high stress triaxialities accounting for the void size effect. For εl/R0 > 0.2, the void growth rate scales with the square of mean stress, rather than the exponential function in the Rice-Tracey model (1969). The void size effect in a power-law hardening solid has also been studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1187
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2003


  • Size effect
  • Strain gradient plasticity
  • Taylor dislocation model
  • Void growth rate
  • Voids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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