The Temporal Dynamics of Spoken Word Recognition in Adverse Listening Conditions

Susanne Brouwer*, Ann R. Bradlow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the temporal dynamics of spoken word recognition in noise and background speech. In two visual-world experiments, English participants listened to target words while looking at four pictures on the screen: a target (e.g. candle), an onset competitor (e.g. candy), a rhyme competitor (e.g. sandal), and an unrelated distractor (e.g. lemon). Target words were presented in quiet, mixed with broadband noise, or mixed with background speech. Results showed that lexical competition changes throughout the observation window as a function of what is presented in the background. These findings suggest that, rather than being strictly sequential, stream segregation and lexical competition interact during spoken word recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1151-1160
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Eye-tracking
  • Lexical competition
  • Spoken word recognition
  • Stream segregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Linguistics and Language

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