The thermodynamics of a coherent interface

Peter W Voorhees*, William C. Johnson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A Gibbsian thermodynamic description of a simple coherent interface in a nonhydrostatically stressed, N component, crystalline solid is developed. Interfacial excess properties are defined in a manner consistent with the thermodynamics of nonhydrostatically stressed crystalline solids. This formalism is then used to describe the relationship between the independent thermodynamic variables and the interfacial energy. A result of the crystalline nature of the solid is that the interfacial energy and the interfacial stress are distinct quantities. This difference, along with the presence of a nonhydrostatic stress, results in fundamentally different forms for the standard interfacial thermodynamic relationships. In particular, we show that the Gibbs adsorption isotherm for a coherent spherical misfitting particle in a matrix contains terms which are related to both interfacial and bulk stresses and that these terms can be dominant in certain cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2793-2801
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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