The “Tip-of-the-Tongue” Phenomenon in Aphasia

H. Goodglass*, E. Kaplan, S. Weintraub, N. Ackerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations


Forty-two male aphasics, classified as Broca's, Wernicke's, anomic, and conduction, were examined for their ability to partially retrieve acoustic features of words they could not provide in a confrontation naming task (the “tip-of-the-tongue” phenomenon). The results indicated that conduction aphasics were superior to Wernicke's and anomic aphasics in their ability to identify both the first letter and the syllabic length of the words they could not name. Since the aphasic groups were comparable in their naming difficulty, the findings could not be attributed to degree of wordfinding impairment. The difference between groups that were obtained using the TOT technique are discussed with regard to differences in the word finding process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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